How to treat a sprained foot?
Sprain of the foot is the most common injury, since this distal part of the limb represent the main load associated with the weight of the human body in motion. From such damage, nobody is immune. This is because many women like to wear high heels and men to play sports. However, in winter the risk of getting this type of injury because of the ice increases.
Obtaining causes rupture of the ligaments of the foot
The injured ankle or foot joint, which occur fairly frequently, are not serious, but pretty nasty damage. He is accompanied by pain and other symptoms. This is because the joint itself has a small form, and he is under significant load.
If any external impact on the foot resulted in a sprain, there is injury, then injured the ankle. Need to know the symptoms of sprains, fractures, sprains or tears of tendons and muscles. Everyone knows that the greatest burden of the weight of the body falls on the large joints, for example, hip, shoulder, wrist and knee. External influence often falls on the foot joint. The reason for this may be, for example, the excess of the amplitude of motion.
Damage to the ligaments of the foot can be due to many reasons, such as, high jumps and landing on a bad ankle, walking on unstable heels and fall. Athletes often get injured because the load on the body is very high, especially on the ligaments of the feet. Young people tend to have such muscle strength, which may exceed the limit of the capabilities of these ligaments of the foot. Often at a young age you can get damage to the outer ligaments of the lower leg.
The structure of the human skeleton involves the strengthening of each joint by ligaments, which provide and control the natural position of the ankle. Given all of the above, we can conclude that ligaments allow a person to move normally.
The characteristic structure of the foot makes the sprain common. The foot has three groups of ligaments, among them is one that consists of the talus-fibular and calcaneal-fibular ligaments and the other two. The first, located on the outside of the feet, is the most susceptible to damage.
How to treat a sprained foot?
For a more rapid elimination of sprains of the foot and reduce its symptomsyou will need appropriate treatment. Very often an over-stretched ligament can cause pain, so carried out the treatment, since the pain, eliminate swelling of the feet and start the recovery process.
Providing first aid to the victim, be sure to release the foot from the shoes, remove the socks. It's best to give the limbs a higher position, for locking the foot with the tires or bandage. It is important to remember that it is not necessary to bandage too tightly, especially where there are places of damage with bruising and swelling. This will lead to slowing down the process of blood circulation.
How to fix the foot?
If you had a complex type of injury, there was a hematoma, you may need to remove blood congestion. Before the procedure to eliminate the stretch you need to fix my foot, so she couldn't move. This implies the superposition of an elastic bandage or retaining dugout, allowing you to restrict all movement of the injured foot.
It happens that after ligament damage, the victim feels no pain and continues to move with a damaged ligament in my leg, so it is important to provide for a needed rest stop patient. To help the victim to facilitate attacks of severe pain you can use analgesic. After that the pain goes away.
The injury may be associated not only with the usual sprain, but a broken bone, so it will take the cast or splint. Before sending the victim to the hospital, use the means at hand (stick and burn) that allow you to put a homemade splint on the foot.
If there are no elastic bandage, you can use a tight bandage from a scarf or bandana. If there is a suspicion in the fully damaged a bunch of the tire is imposed so that it passes on both sides of the joint. To reduce swelling, you should apply ice or a towel for 2 hours, soaked it in cold water. This will be enough to alleviate the situation of the victim when a serious sprain.
In the presence of bruises of the foot is slightly higher than the body, which can prevent the swelling of tissues near the joint. Access to a doctor will allow you to put more accurate diagnosis necessary for proper treatment.
In the absence of a fracture, and not too much injury shall be assessed a retentive bandage, which eliminates the possibility that tension will be aggravated. After fixation of the injured foot experts recommend to her applying cold compress. Itwill eliminate swelling and become an obstacle to the emergence of a hematoma.
Methods for the treatment of sprains of the foot
To cure a sprain of the foot, you should perform a number of steps. Before treatment is defined by any degree characteristic damage made possible suspicion on the injury severe. In a special survey that allows you to check the status of the joint, that is, the presence of damage. When the foot is immobilized, the splint can not be removed about 5-10 days.
Among the medicines that are indicated for sprains, you can select nimesil is used, if the severity of the injury is mild or moderate.
If there is severe pain, analgesics are recommended. Effective effect ointments Fastum-gel or diclofenac. You can use any warming ointment if the swelling was already asleep.
Ways that can speed up the healing process:
- Physical therapy (including warming procedure).
- Therapeutic exercise (if the pain is gone).
- Prompt treatment by an orthopedic surgeon (for serious injury).
The principle of treatment is not too difficult, but it requires a special approach, patience and time. Start wearing shoes with high soles can be no earlier than 2 months after full recovery.