What is a sprained foot?
Sedentary lifestyle and excess weight lead to reduced elasticity of ligaments and increase the risk of injury of a limb, especially a dislocation of the foot.
Dislocation of the foot can be considered a violation of the ordinary state of forming the joint bones. When such injury can be complete or partial rupture of ligaments.
Causes and symptoms of trauma
If on the ankle, took an unnatural position, accidentally increased the burden of dislocation is difficult to avoid. This injury can receive not only athletes, but also ordinary people in an unsuccessful drops, shocks, when wearing uncomfortable shoes, or when accidentally sprained leg. Causes of dislocation may be different.
All dislocations of the ankle joint can be divided into three groups according to severity. Every severity of the dislocation accompany your symptoms.
The first degree is characterized by the fact that damage subject to only some of the fiber bundles. Pain is felt by touching, walking, the load increases. Minor swelling occurs. But the victim retains the ability to move.
At the second degree dislocation of the foot is torn ligaments. The signs of this dislocation are characterized by the formation of extensive edema. The victim experiences pain when walking, which are kept in a relaxed position the legs.
In the third degree is a complete rupture of the ligament. Foot swells fully, you experience hemorrhage as on the ankle, and on the surface of the foot. The victim feels acute pain when the load on the foot when touching it. To move independently the patient is not able to.
First aid in dislocation
How quickly and efficiently will be given first aid in dislocation of the foot, affects the subsequent return of the affected system, the period of rehabilitation and degree of complete recovery of motor function.
First aid to the victim is required to provide in the following sequence:
- Possible to immobilize the foot with bandages improvised.
- To reduce swelling, which can develop after trauma, the patient's leg must be put higher on a hard surface.
- To the site of injury to make dry ice, that is a bottle with ice to wrap a cloth. Ice can be applied for 10 minutes with breaks to avoid hypothermia the joint. The cold will help to reduce pain and prevent massive swelling.
- If necessary, you can givethe patient pain medication.
- As soon as possible deliver the victim in medical institution.
When helping a victim with a dislocated foot before the examination his doctor needs to know, that in no event it is impossible:
- to reduce a dislocation of their own: this could cause a fracture and further breakdown of ligaments;
- if the injury obtained in the cold period, and legs heavy or tight shoes off, then remove it so as not to worsen the situation of the patient.
Depending on what the severity is of dislocation of the foot, the treatment will be different.
Treatment of dislocation of the first degree
In mild sprain of the foot within one hour after injury the treatment is carried out in the dry cold. On the affected area superimposed ice in the warmer, wrapped in cloth. You can apply special hypothermic packs or any cold items.
Next stop is fixed by means of bandage. For these purposes, you can apply the elastic bandage, the cut of the fabric, a scarf or something suitable. Injured foot is fixed at an angle of 90 degrees and the bandage should allow the blood to circulate freely.
The stop is necessary to ensure peace. On the second day after the injury, when the acute pain curing ankle can warm compresses, warm baths. To the place of dislocation can cause iodine mesh and massage.
To remove the pressure bandage is allowed to the patient only when the pain when the load on the ankle will stop, but no earlier than 2 weeks.
So, it is relatively easy, the dislocation of the foot effectively treat it using natural recipes:
- Prepare infusion of succession, celandine, tansy, and marigold flowers. This infusion is used in the form of lotions.
- As a compress, you can use the following ingredients: to half a Cup of 9% vinegar add a teaspoon of salt. The tool will help reduce swelling and relieve pain.
Treatment of dislocation of the second degree
These dislocations are more serious and long-term treatment. The second injury severity can be attributed to subtalar dislocation of the foot.
It is characterized by the displacement of the talus bone and torn ligaments. The injury can happen if you abruptly turn your foot. The ankle swells, the victim feels a sharp pain, but the movement in it.
To the place of dislocation of the plaster splint at the end, which is removed after approximately 14 days. During this time the patient warming procedures, physical therapy and massage. At the time of the procedures Longuet removed.
Because medications canto be prescribed anti-inflammatory remedies and painkillers and promote tissue repair.
After removing the splint the patient undergoes a course of restoring physical education contributes to return of motor function of the foot.
Treatment of dislocation of the foot of the third degree
With such a serious dislocation, the victim needs hospital treatment. Patient do surgery, which stapled the torn ligaments and restoring the original position of the joint. After surgery on the injury a plaster from the toes to the top of the tibia. After healing of all injured tissues, for about the fourth week, the plaster is removed.
After removing a cast on the injured leg is imposed a retentive bandage.
Patient begins to massage, physiotherapy and prescribe complex therapeutic exercises, which helps to restore the function of the foot and ankle.
After discharge from hospital the patient should follow an individual course of strength exercises to rebuild muscle and range of motion.
Physical therapy and physical therapy: features
Complete cure of dislocation of the foot is impossible to imagine without physical therapy and exercises restorative exercises.
Physiotherapy helps to relieve swelling, inflammation, reduces pain when the load on the damaged leg. The patient can be assigned to electrophoresis, UHF. With the urgent need is novocaine blockade of the affected joint.
When recovering ankle after sprain special role is played by exercises that are selected by the doctor individually, depending on the severity of the injury, age and other factors. Exercise therapy significantly reduces the time of rehabilitation:
- Promotes mobility of the injured joint and his range of motion. Physical therapy also works to prevent sprains in the future.
- Reduces the negative impact of bed rest.
- The exercises allow for a measured load on the injured joint, greatly reducing pain.
- Contributes to the overall health of the body.
Great importance for the prevention of sprains in the foot are physical exercises that strengthen the ligaments of the ankle, weight loss, diet, where in the required amount must be submitted foods rich in calcium and vitamins. In addition, you need to be careful not to do sharp movements and to choose shoes with low heels.