Find out how to treat a sprain on hand
Faced with the question of how to treat a sprain on hand, most victims allow the healing process to chance, without taking any special measures. Of course, over time the pain may disappear completely, but the consequences of running injuries can be dire. And in order to prevent coming troubles, the sprain should be treated immediately after the injury.
The most common symptoms of sprains
The majority of the symptoms of sprains are very similar to symptoms of torn ligaments. It is possible to distinguish several degrees of severity stretching, characterized by several different symptoms:
- First degree. In this case, the damage receives a small portion of the ligament, which does not affect locomotor activity. A person can perform any task, while experiencing a slight pain. In most cases, a sprain of this kind spontaneously, without going to the victims of any special treatment.
- Second degree usually describes a partial rupture of ligaments, which gives the person enormous discomfort. Not to notice the tension in the second degree is simply impossible, because the hand usually appear impressive hematoma and swelling.
- The third and most severe degree of stretching implies not partial and complete ligament rupture, accompanied by edema and extensive hemorrhage. In addition, the patient is accompanied by a sharp pain and almost complete restriction of motor function of the limb.
In addition, depending on the severity of the injury, the patient may feel malaise, headache and even fever. If these symptoms began to manifest itself - you should immediately seek help at the nearest injuries. Stretching need to be able to recognize, because this injury has much in common with such injuries as a sprain and a fracture.
What is the diagnosis?
The first thing that I propose to make the doctor the patient who complaint of trauma is to pass comprehensive diagnostics that will allow to accurately determine the extent of damage and to choose the right treatment.
In most cases, laboratory studies at diagnosis are not carried out, but they may be necessary in that case, if you want to confirm or deny the existence of the inflammatory process in the joint, the adjacentto the damage of ligaments. For these purposes the patient can be assigned to the General analysis of blood and post-puncture analysis of the synovial fluid. If the level of leukocytes in the blood is exceeded, the inflammatory process is confirmed, and the sprain will be treated in parallel with the relief of the inflammation.
If you ignore this problem, the situation can only get worse: occasionally patients will suffer from pain in the joint, and his motor function is probably broken.
In that case, if the primary symptoms do not allow a medical professional immediately to diagnose, the victim can be assigned to the ultrasound study, giving the opportunity to accurately determine the severity of the lesion and the condition of skeletal muscle in General. Typically, such diagnosis assigned to the patient several times: immediately before treatment and after its completion. Thus, it is possible to see the positive dynamics of the operations and, if necessary, to adjust future rehabilitation measures.
How to treat a sprain?
An important role for sprains plays the first assistance that the victim will have himself or receives from nearby people.
First and foremost, the limb should provide complete rest. This can be done by blending a dense, but not too tight bandages with the use of the tire. After this, the hand should apply a cold compress, which will help to minimize pain. Not be amiss to take care that the skin is not subjected to frostbite! For these purposes, the ice or another applied subject it is recommended to wrap in fabric.
If the limb continues to increase swelling, it should be given sublime situation and immediately contact the medical facility. Try to treat the injury on their own without consulting physician is strictly prohibited!
After examining the patient, if necessary, the doctor will anesthetize the damage and impose on him fixing the bandage. Next, you will long process of rehabilitation that, on average, takes about a month. In this period of time should be entirely excluded from routine, even a slight load on the injured limb, allowing a complete rest.
In adjunctive therapy, one may be assigned to physiotherapy, which aim to treat a sprain, to ensure the speedy regeneration of damaged tissues. Thus, the recovery time can be reduced by aboutup to two weeks.