When the fracture of the forearm is applied to the tire?
When fractures of the forearm splint is superimposed on the damaged area? This question is of interest to many patients. A fracture is a serious trauma to the treatment which must be approached responsibly. In order to avoid the consequences of such an injury, it is necessary to give the patient first aid.
To avoid displacement of fragments at bone fractures of the forearm overlaps the tire that allows you to Immobilise the injured extremity.
The main types of fractures
Fractures of the forearm statistically occur most frequently. The forearm is formed ulna and radius. Cause of fracture most often is a nasty fall on the hand, bones might just break. While the injury radius is more common than ulnar. From a broken forearm no one is immune, and there is no difference in the age of the patient.
Fractures can be:
- with displacement of fragments of bone;
- without displacement.
Open fractures are considered the most dangerous, the fact that they lead to serious tissue damage and skin. In this case, you must use a tourniquet, it will help to stop the bleeding.
In addition, you need to treat the wound, to avoid infection of the wounded surface.
To stop bleeding apply a bandage a little above the damaged area, this will prevent the blood flow to the wound area. You can use the medical tourniquet, the usual belt, or just dense tissue. To avoid necrosis of the tissues, you need to periodically loosen the armband to ensure the flow of blood to the wound.
A closed fracture can also represent a danger. To determine its type without an x-ray is impossible. Some fractures can be offset bones. Try to determine the type of fracture alone is not worth it, it can cause a closed fracture will become open.
To avoid this, you need to immobilize the patient's limb immobilizing bandage. For this purpose the bus. After that, as soon as possible to deliver patients to the trauma.
What is a forearm fracture?
Characteristic signs of fracture of the forearm are:
- crunch at the time of injury;
- soft tissues begin to swell;
- forearm changes its color due to hemorrhage into the damaged area;
- damagedthe forearm is visually distinguished from healthy;
- the patient was worried about a severe pain;
- motor function impaired;
- usually, the patient holds the injured limb, bending it at the elbow joint.
In order to avoid complications of this injury should be provided to the patient first aid. The common symptom of forearm fracture is severe pain. Therefore, in order to prevent a painful shock, should take the anesthetic.
After that it is necessary to provide a fixed limb position. Immobilization of the forearm is performed via the bus. You can use the bus, which can be industrially manufactured, fabricated or improvised. Tyre construction is quite tough and provides maximum fixation of the injured extremity.
How to treat fractures of the forearm?
How is it treated? The doctor determines the method of treatment after the diagnosis. For this purpose, methods are palpation and x-rays. Given the fact that the forearm consists of several parts, the localization of fracture can be very different.
The most common type of forearm fracture is a fracture with displacement. If the displacement is minor, the bone can grow together independently. However, if the offset angle is more than 15 degrees, then an operation is needed.
Not always required to reposition open way, it can do a closed method. Such operations are shown in cases when there is a complete separation of the head of the bone from the body. After that, apply a bandage made from plaster, it is worn about a month.
Rehabilitation is that the doctor prescribes physical therapy course. This allows you to restore hand motor function and strengthen muscles. To treat a fracture should only doctor, and all treatment should be under his control.
As place the tire at different types of fractures?
How to produce immobilizing the fixation? Depending on the type of fracture, methods of splint can be different.
If it is a fracture of the bones of the hand, in this case, a splint is applied so that it is from the fingertips to the mid forearm. To transport the tire had the correct overlap, you should bend the fingers, which put the cushion made of the brand or bandage. The palm surface should be placed to the abdomen. After the overlay is fixed with the help of scarves, bandage or strap.
If a broken forearm, splinting is performed as follows. The bus is from the tipsfingers to the middle of the shoulder. To do this, the arm bent at the elbow, at an angle of 90 degrees, position the palms to the abdomen. Fingers are half-bent position, and the palm should put a roller. That is followed by bandage the tire, and then hang the scarf.
If the fracture of the forearm, complicated fracture of the humerus, it is necessary to impose the tire completely to the entire limb, which is from the fingers to the shoulder girdle region with healthy parts. This ensures reliable fixation of the joints. If one bus is not enough, use two short bus ladders. After this, the limb hung on a scarf or bandage.
Feature of the treatment of forearm fracture
As we have said, the treatment completely depends on how serious the injury is, and besides from that, if there are displaced fragments. If we are talking just about the fracture or fractures a bit, then the injured limb simple fix. To do this, impose a plaster Longuet, which fixes the shoulder and carpal joints. In some cases, it may be improper imposition of plaster bandages when the injured limb immobilized together with your fingertips.
It should not be, the fingers should move and be free. This will allow the patient to perform physical therapy exercises to restore hand. In that case, if you need to fix the displaced fracture, the use of closed reposition. In this case, the bones are mapped by hand and recorded. Most often, this is done using needles. Such methods of treatment are conservative.
However, there is another method of treatment that involves surgery. An indication for the intervention is damage to the joint capsule, if the bias chip is more than 3 mm. Often there are fractures with fragmentation of bone, with the formation of a large number of fragments.